Workplace bullying among employees of a public higher education institution

Jorel A. Manalo, Carl Abelardo T. Antonio, Jonathan P. Guevarra, Kim L. Cochon, Richard S. Javier, Arlene A. Samaniego, Ma. Rhenea Anne M. Cengca, Dorothy Jean N. Ortega


Background: Workplace bullying is defined as frequent, ongoing, and detrimental incidence of unreasonable acts/behaviors directed towards an individual. The consequences of bullying to individuals often lead to absenteeism, resignation, job dissatisfaction, and suicidal ideation making it a major public health concern. This organizational issue, when not addressed, will greatly affect the workflow in any organization. There is a paucity of literature on this problem in the Southeast Asian countries

Objective: This study aimed to describe the extent of workplace bullying among employees of a public higher education institution.

Methodology: The researchers used a descriptive, cross-sectional study design. Survey questionnaires in Google Form were emailed to all employees with a 35.96% participation rate. The survey instrument asked participants to indicate their awareness about any bullying behavior in their unit and to specify the typical profile of bullies and victims they know of. Responses to quantitative variables were summarized using the mean and standard deviation, while qualitative variables were reported as frequency and percentage distribution. The software used for analysis were Microsoft Excel and EpiInfo 7.

Results: At least one-third (36.94%) of survey respondents indicated that they witnessed a form of bullying in the workplace with more awareness seen among faculty members and permanent employees. The most common type of bullying observed in the workplace was criticism in public. Notably, this type of bullying was similar across employee categories. The predominant reactions of victims of bullying include feeling of fear and loss of trust, and confiding to a friend or co-worker.

Conclusion: The phenomenon of bullying has been witnessed by the employees and reported to have adverse effects on victims. Informational campaigns coupled with anti-bullying policy and programs are necessary to promote employee well-being.


Published online: October 7, 2021


workplace bullying; universities; occupational stress; Philippines

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 2704-3517; Online ISSN: 2738-042X