Quantitative Analysis of Quercetin Content of Blumea Balsamifera L. DC Dichloromethane leaf fraction using HPLC-RP-PDA and direct TLC-Bioautography

Edmark C. Kamantigue, Johnalyn C. Go, Essel Tolosa, Dhennis Versoza, Joanna V. Toralba

Abstract


Quercetin, a flavonoid compound which is widely distributed in plants are considered ass beneficial physiologically due to attributed bioactivity such as anti-cancer, immunomodulatory, antidiabetic, and anti-inflammatory. In this study, the quercetin content from the dried Blumea balsamifera L. DC dried leaf was macerated with 95% ethanol and the concentrated extract was purified using Modified Kupchan method and flash chromatography. All fractions were tested for the presence of flavonoids using phytochemical screening and the selected dichloromethane fraction were further purified using another round of flash chromatograph. All resulting fractions and pooled samples were tested for the antioxidant property using the developed Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC)-Bioautography and separated compounds were derivatized with DPPH. Using the optimized TLC-Bioautography method, the quercetin content in the dichloromethane fraction was analyzed and compared with a reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography hyphenated with photodiode array detector (RP-HPLC-PDA). The calculated quercetin content from the pooled sample using TLC-bioautography method is 2.25 mg/ml and from RP-HPLC-PDA is 2.02 mg/ml which was not comparable statistically using unpaired t-test (p<0.05, α=0.05


Keywords


direct TLC-Bioautography; Quercetin; Blumea balsamifera L. DC; Raw Material Quality Control; HPLC-RP-PDA

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Print ISSN: 2704-3517; Online ISSN: 2738-042X